The competitive pressures from shale may also feed into global gas markets...
2020-10-28 5 ENGLISH REPORTS
This need to look beyond the boundaries of any given type of competition is illustrated by the fact that when one examines the full range of actual Chinese and Russian competition with the United States, it becomes clear that there is no practical way to separate civil, gray zone, and hybrid operations. It becomes all too clear that both China and Russia supplement their military activities by using opportunistic and pragmatic versions of all three streams of efforts to help meet their strategic objectives and expand their influence as a great power. The separate chronology of Chinese operations shows that China is conducting a number of broad campaigns that use all of these methods of competition interchangeably, The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) campaign is China’s large-scale project to connect Asia, Africa, and Europe through both economic networks and physical infrastructure.
China has partnered with the following countries for its Belt and Road Initiative: Russia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, Maldives, Bhutan, India, Mongolia, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Philippines, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Brunei, East Timor, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Iran, Turkey, Israel, Egypt, Kuwait, Iraq, Qatar, Jordan, Lebanon, Bahrain, Yemen, Syria, Palestine, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Estonia, Croatia, Albania, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, and Moldova. The Trade War campaign is the use of economic gray zone operations against the United States, which has devolved into a tit-for-tat exchange on traded goods between China and United States. The Espionage campaign has historical pretense; however, China is now targeting the development of technological innovation from the United States, specifically, the Chinese tech giant, Huawei, is in direct competition with the United States to develop a 5G network. The Disinformation campaign takes place in the United States, the European Union, Australia, and even South America to target any condemnation on China’s role in the spread of Covid-19. The campaign is a larger sustained effort to manipulate information on social media platforms.
标签： ENGLISH REPORTS