2020-11-17 2 ENGLISH REPORTS
In nearly all of the Western European countries surveyed, the percentage of adults who consider themselves very or rather happy in 2020 is either in line with or a bit lower than 2019. For instance, Sweden, Belgium, and France are only down by 1 or 2 points. Erosion in Spain (-8), Great Britain (-6), and Germany (-5) is a bit more pronounced. Italy is the only Western European country surveyed to buck this trend – happiness has risen by 5 points since 2019. Though at 62%, this is still 11 points below the high recorded in 2011. New this wave, the Netherlands posts very strong levels of happiness (87%) – highest in the region and in 2nd place globally.
Mixed movement is seen in happiness levels among the Central/Eastern European countries surveyed. Poland is the most stable, with happiness down just 3 points from 2019 (to 68%). A somewhat larger decline is seen in Hungary (down 5, to 45%). Happiness in these two countries is now approaching study lows – of 43% in Hungary recorded in 2011 and of 66% seen in Poland in 2017. By contrast, positive movement is seen in Russia – up 11 points vs. 2019, to 58% – and more in line with prior readings. Happiness among Turkish adults is up 6 points, to 59% – though this is still very far off from the happiness levels seen 7 to 9 years ago (north of 80%).
Over the past year, the percentage of adults who consider themselves happy has increased considerably in both China (+11 points) and Malaysia (+10). In fact, at 93%, happiness reaches a study high in China. Happiness is slightly improved or unchanged in Japan (+3), Saudi Arabia (+2), and South Korea (no change), while erosion is seen this year in India (-11), Australia (-9), and South Africa (-7). Over the past 7 to 9 years, happiness has receded in South Africa, India, South Korea, and Japan, while it has been fairly stable in Saudi Arabia. Happiness and ebbed and flowed in Australia since 2011.
标签： ENGLISH REPORTS