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【英文】中美STEM人才脱钩研究报告:背景,政策和影响(50页)

英文研究报告 2020年11月25日 07:27 1 管理员

Information on US students and scholars is much  more sparse, but the limited available data makes  clear that the number of US students and scholars  in China is much lower than the number of Chinese  students and scholars in the United States. Data  from the Chinese Ministry of Education (MOE)  indicates that there were around 20,000 American  students in China in 2018, compared with 10,000  in 2004 and a peak of 25,000 in 2012.33 The MOE  does not provide any further information on US  students’ degree levels or fields of study, but data  from IIE, which tracks US study abroad activity,  suggests that at least half of these students (around  12,000 in 2018) are there on short-term exchange  programs.34 Most US students in China face  restrictions on their activities and are instructed  separately from their Chinese counterparts. Even less is known about US researchers in China.  

There are anecdotal examples of US scholars  with part- or full-time affiliations with Chinese  33 Chinese Ministry of Education, “2018  Statistics on  International Students Studying in China.” 34 IIE, “Open Doors.” universities, several of which recently made  headlines due to prominent indictments. For  instance, Charles Lieber, a prominent Harvard  chemist, was arrested for hiding his affiliation  with Wuhan University of Technology, obtained  through a Chinese government talent program.  Most US scholars’ Chinese jobs or affiliations are  undoubtedly legitimate and public, but there is no  public data source that tracks how many there are.  It is still relatively rare for international scholars  to work in China,35 so a ballpark estimate of US  scholars working in China would likely be in the  hundreds or perhaps the low thousands.

【英文】中美STEM人才脱钩研究报告:背景,政策和影响(50页)

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