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【英文】大西洋理事会报告:中美竞争的全球影响(38页)

英文研究报告 2021年06月30日 06:45 1 管理员

Although the country sum of the FBIC measure can be  helpful for thinking about the global distribution of power,  another way to track the behavior of the measure is to  track which countries are the greatest external infuencers  around the world and across time. Figure 1 shows this for  six historically infuential countries for the year 2020. The  United States is the most infuential country across the  Western Hemisphere, and Germany is the top-ranked infuencer across much of Europe, while Chinese infuence  has spread across much of Southeast Asia and Africa.  Russia is the top-infuencer primarily in Central Asia,  though its infuence capacity also spills over into Belarus,  its much smaller and highly dependent neighbor, and into  Algeria, the third largest importer of Russian arms over  the past half-decade. 

Meanwhile, the infuence of previous colonial powers is much more limited, with French  infuence scattered across North, West, and Southern  Africa and the United Kingdom displaying the top infuence capacity only in Ireland. Figures 2 and 3 show these patterns across time. In 1980  the world saw much more infuence from traditional colonial powers, with French infuence stretching across Africa  and infuence from the United Kingdom spread around the  world. The infuence of the Soviet Union was also much  more pronounced, as was infuence from the United States  in most of East and Southeast Asia. By the year 2000, the  geopolitical environment had shifted once again. French  infuence across Africa had declined, and infuence from  Russia was more consolidated across Eastern Europe and  Central and South Asia. Chinese infuence had started to  emerge at this point, with growth in key emerging partners  like Iran and Sudan.

【英文】大西洋理事会报告:中美竞争的全球影响(38页)

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