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【英文】欧洲对外关系委员会报告:欧洲反中国经济胁迫的工具设计(38页)

英文研究报告 2021年07月09日 07:09 1 管理员

This procedure does not come without legal complexities and potential political obstacles but, with  sufficient coordination, it could be a highly effective tool for countering coercive measures. And, even  if the procedure at the EU level fails for some reason, the close consultation with, and specific  recommendation to, member states might, after all, still incentivise a smaller group of member states  to impose export controls on a national level, as part of a coalition of the willing. This could still be a  credible and highly effective countermeasure. Likewise, the same procedure could be envisaged for proposing sectoral sanctions for divestment.  After an initial investigation under the ACI, the EU could propose such sanctions to the foreign affairs  council, which could adopt them by unanimity or where member states form a coalition of the willing.  

That said, the latter option would break with a key EU tradition of adopting sanctions jointlySuch EU countermeasures will likely impose costs on European entities, even if the options are well  designed. But the whole point of an ACI is to make it less costly overall for the EU to impose them.  Still, countermeasures, including those that are cross-sector, could have collateral effects on  businesses in sectors or member states that are not concerned by the original third-country coercion,  or where the political mood does not accord with the anti-coercion action taken by the Commission.  The EU could consider offering compensation (financial or non-financial) to European economic  sectors asymmetrically hit by its countermeasures. Because the EU would not be able to provide  anywhere near full compensation for losses, it should focus on those cases that are particularly grave.  But just the symbolism of such possibilities would go a long way towards fostering the kind of EU  solidarity that is needed for collective action in the face of economic coercion by other players.

【英文】欧洲对外关系委员会报告:欧洲反中国经济胁迫的工具设计(38页)

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