By 2030, the EU is a fully-fledged technological peer of the United S...
2021-07-16 2 ENGLISH REPORTS
An increasingly common way for a nation to assert data sovereignty, particularly if the country is not in a dominant position of geopolitical power, is to pass data localization measures. Generally, governments want to claim sovereignty over their citizens’ data no matter where or by whom it is stored. In the strictest sense, forced data localization means data created within State borders must stay within those borders13. Domestic storage aims to increase control over citizen data by bringing decision making and access rights within jurisdictional boundaries. It also serves to put foreign companies at a disadvantage relative to domestic companies.
It is generally a policy introduced at the government level that all organizations operating in that country must abide. Particularly in the course of criminal investigations or regulatory activity, access to this data can be important. Further, as citizens become increasingly engaged in both technology products and their policies, political commitment to personal privacy can be persuasive at the ballot box. If data isn’t stored or processed locally, there can be much confusion and concern about which sovereign nation’s laws should apply to that data in which circumstances. Data localization seeks to simplify this.
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