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【英文】美国智库报告:重新认识立陶宛对美国外交政策的重要性(40页)

英文研究报告 2021年08月26日 07:15 1 管理员

Today, U.S. policy is focused on retrenchment and consolidation—defned by a shift in  attention and resources away from the Euro-Atlantic region and the Greater Middle East  towards the Indo-Pacifc region—as well as the growing priority of climate change and the  environment as central organizing principles. U.S. foreign policy is also increasingly subordinated to domestic political considerations  about the costs and benefts of overseas action for constituencies within the United States. In the 2020s, Lithuania’s importance will rest less on the Russia dimension and further  Euro-Atlantic enlargement into the post-Soviet space, and more on its ability to play a  greater role in European afairs, to assist in the rebalance to Asian afairs more generally,  and to contribute to energy, supply chain, and environmental security.This changing paradigm has major implications for Lithuania’s partnership with the United  States and the importance of Vilnius for overall U.S. grand strategy. 

While often grouped  with its two Baltic neighbors, Lithuania also has specifc importance given its geographic  position linking the Baltic littoral with Central Europe. The country’s lack of a large Russianspeaking minority also reduced one key area of friction that Estonia and Latvia have had  in their relationship with Moscow, giving Vilnius greater freedom of maneuver. During the  period when U.S. policy was predicated on democratic enlargement from a Euro-Atlantic  core, Lithuania was a critical U.S. partner. The risk moving forward is that under changed  conditions, Lithuania’s relative importance to Washington will decline. It also means that  the core interests which served as the foundation for close U.S.-Lithuania ties may become  less important in the future. Finally, as domestic pressure increases for any U.S. presidential  administration to retrench and rebalance its overseas relationships, Lithuania, in turn,  will need to reconceptualize its approach and recalibrate both what it asks of the United  States and what it can ofer in order to create a new partnership relevant to the changed  conditions of the 2020s and beyond.

【英文】美国智库报告:重新认识立陶宛对美国外交政策的重要性(40页)

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