This estimate includes the figures for U.S. wars in the two maj...
2021-09-10 2 ENGLISH REPORTS
China is the leading EV market: Aided by substantial state support, China has become the biggest EV market (see exhibit 3). Chinese EV makers have leapfrogged entrenched carmakers to become frontrunners with internationally competitive products, including in luxury segments. Internationally successful Chinese battery makers like CATL serve as a role model for Chinese EV makers. Slowing domestic growth: China’s economic growth has stalled in recent years, which has slackened the dramatic growth rates in its domestic automotive market too. Between 2009-2016, China’s carmakers had little incentive to export as domestic growth ofered ample returns. However, as demand for EVs is increasing rapidly in other economies, China-based carmakers have an economic incentive to expand globally.
Domestic overcapacity: China’s automotive and EV sectors already sufer from serious overcapacity, yet newcomers continue to enter the feld, including tech companies like Baidu and conglomerates like Evergrande. The result is fragmentation and increasing overcapacity. In 2020, 89 Chinese EV-producers averaged sales of only 15,000 units3, while China’s vehicle capacity utilization rate has been falling – to 48.5 percent in 2020 – which puts pressure on EV makers to export to achieve economies of scale. National champion status: Chinese carmakers are eager to export to become the next national champion. In the rail sector, where China also wants to compete globally, the government has forced major SOEs to merge to give CRRC a competitive edge due to sheer size. A similar consolidation will occur in the EV sector once government subsidies end, so successful exports could give Chinese EV makers a chance to stand out.
标签： ENGLISH REPORTS