2020-11-17 2 ENGLISH REPORTS
EEE includes a wide range of products with circuity or electrical components with a power or battery supply (Step Initiative 2014). Almost any household or business use products like basic kitchen appliances, toys, tools to music, and ICT items, such as mobile phones, laptops, etc. Besides everyday household and business use, EEE are becoming increasingly used in transport, health, security systems, and generators of energy, such as photovoltaics. Traditional products, such as clothes and furniture, are often equipped with electrical components, and consequently are increasingly contributing to the global e-waste generated. More and more EEE is also employed in the expanding sector of the Internet of Things (IoT), such as sensors or devices pertaining to the concept of the “smart home” or “smart cities”.
EEE becomes e-waste once it has been discarded by its owner as waste without the intent of reuse (Step Initiative 2014). Each product has diferent material content, is disposed of and recycled in diferent ways, and is unequally harmful to the environment and human health if not managed in an environmentally sound manner. EEE comprises of a large variety of products. For statistical purposes, however, EEE is classifed by similar function, comparable material composition, average weight, and similar end-of-life attributes. The E-waste Statistics Guidelines on Classifcation Reporting and Indicators – Second Edition (Forti, Baldé, and Kuehr 2018) therefore divides EEE into 54 diferent product-centric categories. The categorization is referred to as the UNUKEYs. The full list of UNU-KEYs can be viewed in Annex 1. The 54 EEE product categories are grouped into six general categories that correspond closely to their waste management characteristics.
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