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2020年美国侵犯人权报告(中英全文,51页)

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领导人无视科学警告刻意淡化疫情风险。根据《纽约时报》《华 盛顿邮报》等媒体复盘的美国疫情时间线,美国特朗普政府一再忽 视疫情警告。白宫国家安全委员会在 2020 年 1 月初就收到情报, 预测病毒将在美国蔓延。时任白宫贸易与制造业政策办公室主任彼 得·纳瓦罗在 1 月 29 日撰写的一份备忘录中,详细列举了疫情暴发 的潜在风险:可能会有多达 50 万人死亡,并造成数万亿美元的经 济损失。时任美国卫生与公众服务部部长亚历克斯·阿扎等卫生官员 和医学专家也多次警告疫情在美国暴发的危险。但美国特朗普政府 不仅对各种警告置之不理,反而专注于控制信息传播,甚至发布虚 假信息误导民众,称新冠肺炎病毒是“大号流感”,感染病毒的风险 和死亡率“非常低”,疫情会很快“奇迹般地消失”,导致防控疫情的“黄 金窗口期”被白白浪费。《纽约时报》网站 2020 年 4 月 13 日报道 指出,时任美国政府领导人宁肯相信自己的直觉也不相信科学,错 失时机,断送了大量无辜的生命。

Incompetent pandemic response led to dire consequences. A tally by Johns  Hopkins University showed that as of the end of February 2021, the United States has  registered more than 28 million confirmed COVID-19 cases, with related deaths  exceeding 500,000. With a population of less than 5 percent of the world’s total, the  United States accounted for more than 25 percent of all the confirmed cases and  nearly 20 percent of the deaths. On Dec. 20, 2020, CNN reported that the state of  California alone had reported 1.845 million COVID-19 cases and 22,599 deaths,  which translates to roughly 4,669 known cases and 57 deaths for every 100,000  residents. Even these numbers don’t give the whole picture of the state, because many  cases, including mild or asymptomatic infections, had not been diagnosed. Had the  American authorities taken science-based measures to contain the pandemic, this  could have been avoided. But since they had not, the pandemic, as epidemiologist and  former head of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) William  Foege had put it, is “a slaughter” to the United States.

2020年美国侵犯人权报告(中英全文,51页)

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