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【英文】经济事务研究所报告:英国青年人对资本主义和社会主义态度的调查(76页)

英文研究报告 2021年07月15日 06:44 1 管理员

Where surveys mislead, the reason is often that organisations with a clear  ideological position attempt to make their own opinions appear more  popular than they truly are, in the hope that presenting them as popular  will help to actually make them popular. This makes the study Public  opinion in the post-Brexit era: Economic attitudes in modern Britain,  published by the Legatum Institute, particularly interesting. Written by two  authors with a clearly recognisable pro-market outlook, it nonetheless  comes to the conclusion that that outlook is not widely shared in Britain.  As one of the authors, Matthew Elliott, puts it: ‘I believe that free enterprise  policies are a key driver of prosperity. Sadly though, it appears that a large  proportion of British voters do not share this view’ (Elliott and Kanagasooriam  2017: 3).  

They do not ask people whether they approve or disapprove of socialism  or capitalism; instead, they ask respondents for their associations with those  terms. It amounts to the same thing, because most of the top associations  with capitalism are unambiguously negative (‘greedy’, ‘selfish’, ‘corrupt’)  and most of the top associations with socialism are unambiguously positive  (‘for the greater good’, ‘delivers most for most people’, ‘fair’) (ibid: 8-14).Consistent with many other surveys, the authors find widespread support  for industry nationalisations (ibid.: 14-18). The extent of this varies hugely  from industry to industry, but even where there is no overall pronationalisation majority, there is always at least a sizable minority which  believes that the respective industry should be run by the state. One could  probably make up a non-existent industry and find at least one in four  people demanding its nationalisation.

【英文】经济事务研究所报告:英国青年人对资本主义和社会主义态度的调查(76页)

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