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【英文】芝加哥全球事务委员会报告:中国崛起中的美日韩三国合作:合作、竞争、对抗(22页)

英文研究报告 2021年08月03日 05:51 1 管理员

Beijing a distinct advantage in helping to shape the rules of the game for foreign  companies seeking to enter its domestic market and has allowed China to flex its  economic muscle for foreign policy ends. Its uses of that power have become more  forceful over the last decade, especially in terms of economic coercion.  Since 2008, there have been at least 11 cases of China using economic coercion, but  there is little to tie those cases together other than the target countries having taken  actions that China viewed as harmful to its interests. The size of the target countries  ranges from Palau to France and the United Kingdom to Australia. And of course,  South Korea and Japan have faced China’s ire.  China’s coercive campaigns take place for a wide variety of reasons. Some were  kicked off because of security concerns, as when South Korea installed a THAAD  battery south of Seoul at the request of the United States as part of its defenses  against North Korea. 

Other campaigns have been initiated because of territorial  disputes, as happened with the Philippines in 2012. Stemming from a dispute over the  Scarborough Shoal, China tightened restrictions on imports from the Philippines, with  a special focus on bananas. Coercive campaigns are sometimes a reaction to human  rights. Receiving the Dalai Lama made France, Norway, and Britain targets. And China  will also retaliate against countries that target its businesses. Canada’s 2018 arrest of  Huawei’s chief financial officer at the request of the United States for evasion of  sanctions on Iran led to several Canadian agricultural products being shut out of  China’s market (as well as retaliatory detentions of two Canadians, Michael Kovrig and  Michael Spavor). China does not only target countries. Its most recent campaign is  against western fashion companies that are removing Xinjiang cotton from their  supply chains because of suspicions that the cotton is produced with the forced labor  of Uyghurs.

【英文】芝加哥全球事务委员会报告:中国崛起中的美日韩三国合作:合作、竞争、对抗(22页)

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