The competitive pressures from shale may also feed into global gas markets...
2020-10-28 5 ENGLISH REPORTS
Brussels’ current focus on reciprocity and fairer competition in Europe’s China relationship is right but European competitiveness in a more encompassing sense is at stake. As it remains unrealistic for the EU and member states alone to alter China’s trajectory, they will have to compete fercely to make their own interactions with China and the world safer for liberal-democratic market economies – big and small. To compete (with China) in the digital age, with the US-China tech confict heating up, decision makers will face increased pressure to think even more strategically across policy domains and competences. The challenge is to translate industrial and digital strategies into action and to overcome longstanding weaknesses in terms of digital market fragmentation, regulatory hurdles, and underinvestment in scalable tech businesses. When it comes to research and innovation with China, a risk-based approach is needed to prevent unwanted tech transfers. On standardization, EU actors need to coordinate their lobbying eforts in China, especially in the context of China Standards 2035. Brussels and member states should insist on digital reciprocity as a new principle in bilateral relations. In navigating China's emerging data regulations, the EU should monitor competition distortions arising from unequal access to data in the Chinese market.
The EU will need to join forces with partners around the world to confront Chinese challenges from forced technology transfers to digital protectionism. To advance liberal multilateralism globally, the overarching logic of European responses and initiatives toward China must be signifcantly more competitive, accepting the systemic rivalry that China’s leaders take for granted. China’s selective adherence to essential international obligations puts into question Beijing’s trustworthiness as a partner more broadly. Beijing’s current trade policy profle does not lend itself to joint rulemaking. On human rights, concrete measures will have to move beyond the failed quiet diplomacy approach of the past. As a major donor and actor in the development sphere, the EU should make more strategic use of its capacities to engage China to promote greater transparency and sustainability. In the digital arena, there are still a few opportunities to shape China’s approach to improving data security and facilitating cross-border data fows. These issues constitute an integral and interlocking system of liberal multilateralism. Non-action or silence on one of them will damage Europe’s long-term capacity to compete and deliver in adjacent arenas.
标签： ENGLISH REPORTS