Although global economic growth forecasts are cut sharply, food demand shou...
2020-07-03 5 ENGLISH REPORTS
We assume that this remote observation of a vessel’s presence overseas grants high confdence that it is engaged in DWF operations. If we consider only this group – discounting all other results – the fgure of 12,490 vessels is still 3.5 times larger than the estimate of Pauly et al. (2014). We also identifed 3,541 vessels with either a registered intention to fsh overseas or in contact with Chinese enforcement agencies in circumstances that strongly imply engagement in DWF fshing. These included Chinese-fagged vessels: with IMO numbers (Extraction 1), registered with RFMOs (Extraction 2), registered with the Chinese DWF association (Extraction 6.4), inspected by Chinese authorities outside Chinese waters during 2018 (Extraction 6.2), or registered as exported or seized by Chinese customs agents (Extraction 6.3). Additionally, we identifed 927 vessels fagged by other countries that have associations with China that we assume are signifcant. These include vessels built in or previously fagged to China, or with a Chinese interest, meaning that they have a current or previous Chinese name, operator or owner.
These vessels may be fagged to other nations but were operated by Chinese businesses or their subsidiaries, contributing to China’s supply chains and international fshing effort. Our identifcation of vessels as members of the DWF feet does not imply that all are operating currently, simultaneously or consistently in foreign or international waters. This is partly due to gaps in the available data, and partly due to the criteria used to identify the DWF feet. Krakken®’s records are not updated in real time and do not refect the current status of some vessels. For example, Krakken® may record a vessel as being operational during 2017, but not record that it was decommissioned in early 2018. There are 58 Chinese vessels whose last record in Krakken® was ‘active and operational’ before 1989; these vessels may no longer be operational.
标签： ENGLISH REPORTS